BSc (Toronto), MSc (Memorial)
|Teaching & Research
Evolutionary ecology, behaviour and conservation biology of fishes.
esearch focuses upon questions in the fields of evolutionary ecology, conservation biology, and population biology. Central to the research projects I undertake in each of these areas is an attempt to understand the tremendous variability that exists in reproductive strategies within and among natural populations of fishes.
Such "life history" variation is ubiquitous. Individual differences in fitness-related characters, such as age and size at maturity, number of eggs per female, and offspring size are the rule rather than the exception. Questions that arise in the study of life history variation include: Why do some individuals reproduce early in life, while others do so relatively late in life? Why do some individuals produce many, small offspring, while other produce few, large offspring? Why do some individuals reproduce several times throughout their life, while others die after reproducing just once? Central to my work is the premise that an understanding of life history variability is necessary to address many questions in evolutionary ecology, conservation biology, and population biology.
Within each of the areas, current areas of research are identified below.
|Examples of Students' Research
Hutchings, J.A. 2003. Norms of reaction and phenotypic plasticity in salmonid life histories. In: A.P. Hendry and S.C. Stearns [eds], Evolution Illuminated: Salmon and Their Relatives, Oxford University Press, Oxford. In press.
Koops, M.A., Hutchings, J.A., and B.K. Adams. 2003. Environmental predictability and the cost of imperfect information: influences on offspring size variability. Evol. Ecol. Res. 5: 29-42.
McIntyre, T.M., and J.A. Hutchings. 2003. Small-scale temporal and spatial variation in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, life histories. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. In press.
Wilson, A.J., Hutchings, J.A., and M.M. Ferguson. 2003. Selective and genetic constraints on the evolution of body size in a stream-dwelling fish. J. Evol. Biol. In press.
Hutchings, J.A. 2003. Life histories of fish. In: P.J.B. Hart and J.D. Reynolds [eds], Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries Vol. 1. Fish Biology, Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 149-174.
Hutchings, J.A. 2002. Sustaining Atlantic salmon in the Northwest Atlantic: considerations from a life history perspective. In: K.D. Lynch, M.L. Jones, and W.W. Taylor [eds], Sustaining North American Salmon: Perspectives Across Regions and Disciplines, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD, pp. 33-60.
Hutchings, J.A., and L. Gerber. 2002. Sex-biased dispersal in a salmonid fish. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 269: 2487-2493.
Jones, M.W., and J.A. Hutchings. 2002. Individual variation in Atlantic salmon fertilization success: implications for effective population size. Ecological Applications 12: 184-193.
Hutchings, J.A. 2001. Conservation biology of marine fishes: perceptions and caveats regarding assignment of extinction risk. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. SCI58: 108-121.
Jones, M.W., and J.A. Hutchings. 2001. The influence of male parr body size and mate competition on fertilization success and effective population size in Atlantic salmon. Heredity 86: 675-684.
Hutchings, J.A. 2000. Collapse and recovery of marine fishes. Nature (Lond.) 406: 882-885.
Koops, M.A., Hutchings, J.A., and T.M. McIntyre. Submitted. Detecting an effect of maternal condition on fecundity and recruitment in fishes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. SCI
Rowe, S., and J.A. Hutchings. Submitted. Mating systems and the conservation of marine fishes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution.
Adams, B.K., And J.A. Hutchings. 2003. Microgeographic population structure of brook charr: a comparison of microsatellite and mark-recapture data. J. Fish Biol. 62: 517-533.
Swain, D.P., Hutchings, J.A., and C.J. Foote. 2003. Environmental versus genetic influences on identification characters. In: S.X. Cadrin, K.D. Friedland, and J. Waldman [eds], Stock Identification Methods, Academic Press, New York. In press.
Wilson, A.J., Hutchings, J.A., and M.M. Ferguson. 2003. Dispersal in a stream dwelling salmonid: inferences from tagging and microsatellite studies. Conservation Genetics. In press.
Hutchings, J.A., Neis, B., and P. Ripley. 2002. The nature of cod: perceptions of stock structure and cod behaviour by fishermen, 'experts' and scientists from the nineteenth century to present. In: R. Ommer [ed], The Resilient Outport: Ecology, Economy and Society in Rural Newfoundland, ISER Books, St. John's, NF, pp. 140-185.
Barrett, S.C.H., Beare-Rogers, J.L., Brunk, C.G., Caulfield, T.A., Ellis, B.E., Fortin, M.G., Pong, A.J.H., Hutchings, J.A., Kennelly, J.J., McNeil, J.N., Ritter, L., Wittenberg, K.M., Wyndham, R.C., And R.Y. Yada. 2001. Special issue by an expert panel of The Royal Society of Canada - Elements of precaution: recommendations for the regulation of food biotechnology in Canada. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health-Part A 64: 1-212.
Cadigan, S.T., And J.A. Hutchings. 2001. Nineteenth-century expansion of the Newfoundland fishery for Atlantic cod: an exporation of underlying causes. Res. Mar. Hist. 21: 31-65.
Hutchings, J.A. 2001. Influence of population decline, fishing, and spawner variability on the recovery of marine fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 59 (Suppl. A): 306-322.
Jones, M.W., McParland, T.L., Hutchings, J.A., and R.G. Danzmann. 2001. Low genetic variability in lake populations of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis): a consequence of exploitation? Conservation Genetics 2: 245-256.
Hutchings, J.A. 2000. Numerical assessment in the front seat, ecology and evolution in the back seat: time to change drivers in fisheries and aquatic sciences? Marine Ecology Progress Series 208: 299-303.
Hutchings, J.A., and M. Ferguson. 2000. Temporal changes in harvesting dynamics of Canadian inshore fisheries for northern Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 57: 805-814.
Hutchings, J.A., and M. Ferguson. 2000. Links between fishers' knowledge, fisheries science, and management: Newfoundland's inshore fishery for northern Atlantic cod, Gadus Morhua. In: B. Neis and L. Felt [eds], Finding Our Sea Legs: Linking Fishery People and their Knowledge with Science and Management, ISER Books, St. John's, NF, pp. 82-110.Links
(e-mail enabled browser is not required)